Thursday, May 20, 2010

Info untuk hari ini....

Hari ini, saya nak kongsi bersama dengan rakan-rakan... yang mana saya sebagai seorang ibu buat pertama kali yang sangat teruja dengan kehadiran seorang insan bernama anak... memang boleh dikatakan setiap hari saya akan teliti perkembangan dan kalau boleh semua saya nak rekodkan sama ada melalui gambar dan video jika berkesempatan... disini saya sertakan jadual perkembangan kanak-kanak untuk semua... :)

Child's Age

Mastered Skills

(most kids can do)

Emerging Skills

(half of kids can do)

Advanced Skills

(a few kids can do)

1 month

Lifts head when lying on tummy
Responds to sound
Stares at faces

• Follows objects briefly with eyes
• Vocalizes: oohs and aahs
• Can see black-and-white patterns

Smiles, laughs
• Holds head at 45-degree angle

2 months

• Vocalizes: gurgles and coos
• Follows objects across field of vision
• Notices his hands
Holds head up for short periods

Smiles, laughs
• Holds head at 45-degree angle
• Makes smoother movements

Holds head steady
• Can bear weight on legs
• Lifts head and shoulders when lying on tummy (mini-pushup)

3 months

Recognizes your face and scent
Holds head steady
• Visually tracks moving objects

• Squeals, gurgles, coos
• Blows bubbles
• Recognizes your voice
• Does mini-pushup

Rolls over, from tummy to back
• Turns toward loud sounds
• Can bring hands together, bats at toys

4 months

Smiles, laughs
• Can bear weight on legs
• Coos when you talk to him

• Can grasp a toy
Rolls over, from tummy to back

Imitates sounds: "baba," "dada"
Cuts first tooth
• May be ready for solid foods

5 months

Distinguishes between bold colors
• Plays with his hands and feet

• Recognizes own name
Turns toward new sounds
Rolls over in both directions

• Sits momentarily without support
• Mouths objects
Separation anxiety may begin

6 months

• Turns toward sounds and voices
Imitates sounds
Rolls over in both directions

Is ready for solid foods
• Sits without support
• Mouths objects
• Passes objects from hand to hand

• Lunges forward or starts crawling
Jabbers or combines syllables
Drags objects toward himself

7 months

Sits without support
Drags objects toward herself

• Lunges forward or starts crawling
Jabbers or combines syllables
• Starts to experience stranger anxiety

• Waves goodbye
Stands while holding onto something
• Bangs objects together
• Begins to understand object permanence

8 months

• Says "mama" and "dada" to both parents (isn't specific)
• Passes objects from hand to hand

Stands while holding onto something
Crawls
• Points at objects
• Searches for hidden objects

• Pulls self to standing, cruises
• Picks things up with thumb-finger pincer grasp
• Indicates wants with gestures

9 months

Stands while holding onto something
Jabbers or combines syllables
• Understands object permanence

Cruises while holding onto furniture
• Drinks from a sippy cup
Eats with fingers
• Bangs objects together

• Plays patty-cake and peek-a-boo
• Says "mama" and "dada" to the correct parent

10 months

• Waves goodbye
• Picks things up with pincer grasp
Crawls well, with belly off the ground

• Says "mama" and "dada" to the correct parent
• Indicates wants with gestures

Stands alone for a couple of seconds
• Puts objects into a container

11 months

• Says "mama" and "dada" to the correct parent
• Plays patty-cake and peek-a-boo
Stands alone for a couple of seconds
Cruises

Understands "no" and simple instructions
• Puts objects into a container

• Says one word besides "mama" and "dada"
• Stoops from standing position

12 months

Imitates others' activities
• Indicates wants with gestures

• Takes a few steps
• Says one word besides "mama" and "dada"

Walks alone
Scribbles with a crayon
• Says two words besides "mama" and "dada"

13 months

• Uses two words skillfully (e.g., "hi" and "bye")
Bends over and picks up an object

• Enjoys gazing at his reflection
• Holds out arm or leg to help you dress him

• Combines words and gestures to make needs known
• Rolls a ball back and forth

14 months

Eats with fingers
• Empties containers of contents
Imitates others

Toddles well
• Initiates games
• Points to one body part when asked
• Responds to instructions (e.g., "give me a kiss")

• Uses a spoon or fork
• Matches lids with appropriate containers
Pushes and pulls toys while walking

15 months

• Plays with ball
• Uses three words regularly
Walks backward

Scribbles with a crayon
• Runs
• Adopts "no" as his favorite word

"Helps" around the house
• Puts his fingers to his mouth and says "shhh"

16 months

• Turns the pages of a book
• Has temper tantrums when frustrated
• Becomes attached to a soft toy or other object

• Discovers the joy of climbing
• Stacks three blocks
• Uses spoon or fork
• Learns the correct way to use common objects (e.g., the telephone)

Takes off one piece of clothing by himself
• Gets finicky about food
• Switches from two naps to one

17 months

• Uses six words regularly
• Enjoys pretend games
• Likes riding toys

Feeds doll
Speaks more clearly
Throws a ball underhand

• Dances to music
• Sorts toys by color, shape, or size
Kicks ball forward

18 months

• Will "read" board books on his own
Scribbles well

• Strings two words together in phrases
Brushes teeth with help
• Stacks four blocks

Throws a ball overhand
• Takes toys apart and puts them back together
• Shows signs of toilet training readiness

19 months

• Uses a spoon and fork
• Runs
Throws a ball underhand
• Enjoys helping around the house

• Understands as many as 200 words
• Recognizes when something is wrong (e.g., calling a dog a cat)

Washes and dries own hands with help
• Points to picture or object when you call it by name
• May know when she needs to pee

20 months

Feeds doll
Takes off own clothes
• Dumps an object in imitation, such as throwing garbage away

Learns words at a rate of ten or more a day
• Can walk up stairs (but probably not down)

• May start exploring genitals
Draws a straight line
• Names several body parts

21 months

• Can walk up stairs
• Able to set simple goals (e.g., deciding to put a toy in a certain place)

Throws a ball overhand
Kicks ball forward
• Stacks six blocks

• Names simple picture in a book
• Can walk down stairs

22 months

Kicks ball forward
• Follows two-step requests (e.g., "Get your doll and bring it here")

• Does simple puzzles
Draws a straight line
• Names several body parts

Puts on loose-fitting clothes
• Might be ready for a big bed
• Understands opposites (e.g., tall vs. short)

23 months

• Names simple picture in a book
• Uses 50 to 70 words

• Opens doors
Sings simple tunes
• Takes more of an interest in playing with other kids

• Talks about self (likes, dislikes)
• Asks "why?"

24 months

• Names at least six body parts
• Half of speech is understandable
• Makes two- to three-word sentences

• Talks about self
• Arranges things in categories
• Can walk down stairs

• Begins to understand abstract concepts (e.g., sooner and later)
• Becomes attuned to gender differences
• Learns to jump

25 and 26 months

• Stacks six blocks
Walks with smooth heel-to-toe motion

Uses pronouns (e.g., I, me, you)
Washes and dries own hands

Speaks clearly most of the time
Draws a vertical line

27 and 28 months

Jumps with both feet
• Opens doors

Understands descriptions (e.g., big, soft)
Draws a vertical line

• Starts to recognize ABCs
Balances on one foot

29 and 30 months

Brushes teeth with help
Washes and dries own hands
Draws a vertical line

Draws a circle
Balances on one foot

Puts on a T-shirt
Names one color
• Names one friend

31 and 32 months

• Recites own name
Draws a circle

Puts on a T-shirt
Balances on each foot for a second
• Recognizes ABCs
Brushes teeth by herself

• Uses two adjectives
Draws a cross
• Points to objects described by use

33 and 34 months

Names one color
• Names one friend
• Carries on a simple conversation

• Alternates feet going up and down stairs
• Uses prepositions (e.g., on, in, over)
Speaks clearly most of the time (75 percent can be understood)
• Stacks eight blocks

• Is toilet trained during the day
• Wiggles thumb
• Expresses a wide range of emotions
Draws a stick figure

35 and 36 months

• Describes how two objects are used
• Uses three to four words in a sentence
• Names two actions (e.g., skipping, jumping)

• Hops and skips
• Follows a two- or three-part command
Separates fairly easily from parents
• Rides a tricycle

Balances on each foot for three seconds
Gets dressed without help



1 comment:

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